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UNDER CONSTRUCTION - prototype build
Production Version Available ~ Nov 01, 2020
This kit consisting of a Beat Frequency Oscillator and Audio Amplifier that can be used
as a Direct Conversion Receiver of as a Post IF 2nd Mixer Module with Audio Amplifier.
Circuit includes AGC, Mute and Sidetone Input.
Functions & Specs:
xx uV RF input range
500 mWatts Audio Output
This kit does NOT include:
_____ Power Connector and Power Switch
_____ PCB Enclosure
_____ Hookup Wire
For Solder Pencil Soldering, this kit recommends:
_____ Good Quality 45 Degree Diagonal Tweezers.
_____ HAKKO FX-888D Temperature Controlled Solder Pencil.
_____ CircuitWorks CW 3220 Liquid Flux.
_____ Kester Solder 63/37 .028 - use for other parts.
For Hot Air Soldering, this kit recommends:
_____ Hot Air Gun Model 858D (or better).
Search http://ebay.com for item # 274463047101
_____ CircuitWorks CW 3220 Liquid Flux.
Search http://ebay.com for item # 202373307435
_____ Kester Solder 63/37 .020 (0,5 mm) - use for SMDs.
_____ Mechanic Solder Paste XGZ40 63/37 Paste/Flux 183 Deg C, IPX3, 35g
Search http://ebay.com for item # 223803694552
1. DO NOT remove any parts from the kit until instructed to do so.
2. Some helpful SMT Info / Links
Surface-Mount Soldering Notes by W8BH, Bruce Hall Youtube Link About Desoldering And Flux Youtube Link About Capacitors Youtube Link General SMT Tutorial Youtube Link Hot Air SMT
3. Try to limit the handling of the SMT parts; they have a tendancy to disappear.
If using a hot air gun, you may wish to organize the parts installation into sections.
4. Install these first.
_____ D4 - 1N5819 labeled as S4 - qty 1 - SMD Part (use this part first for testing)
_____ D4 - 1N5817 - qty 1 - Thru-Hole Part (optional in case 1N5819 blows up)
_____ U1 - NE612AD Mixer - qty 1
_____ U2 - LM386-M1 Audio Amp - qty 1
5. Install the unmarked capacitors & diode next.
_____ Cut the 8.5x11 piece of paper that is holding the unmarked parts into parts strips.
Only install C10 if using a DDS
_____ C9,10,14,17 - 33n - qty 4 - install and solder.
_____ C2,3,13,15,16,20,22,26 - 100n 20% - qty 8 - install and solder.
C4 value is determined by U1 input frequency.
0 pF if greater than 9 MHz
100 pF for 7 MHz if T1 = T37-2[4:30]
180 pF for 3.5 MHz if T1 = T37-1[4:31]
120 pF for 1.8 MHz if T1 = T37-61[4:31]
_____ C4 - 100pF - qty 1 - frequency specific part for 3.561 KHz prototype option
Do not install C5,7 if using a DDS, else install both.
_____ C5,7 - 150p - qty 2 - install and solder.
C5 & C7 values depend of the oscillator frequency; 120 or 150 pF is a tradeoff
use 220pF for freq below 7 MHz and 100pF for freq above 10 MHz
C8 value ....
_____ C8 - ???pF - qty 1 - install and solder.
C11 value ....
_____ C11 - ???pF - qty 1 - install and solder.
_____ C18 - 120p - qty 1 - install and solder.
_____ C19,24 - 2u2 - qty 2 - install and solder.
_____ C1,21 - 10uF - qty 2 - install and solder.
Do not install D1 if using a DDS
Note the Cathode Line marking for diode D1
If you can't see the cathode line, compare with a 1N4148 using ohm-meter
_____ D1 varactor - qty 1 - install and solder. (in small parts bag)
6. Install all SMD 1206 resistors.
Do not install R1 if using a DDS
_____ R1 - 21KΩ - qty 1 - labeled as 2102
Do not install R2 if using a DDS
_____ R2,5,11 - 4K7Ω - qty 3 - labeled as 472
Only install R3 if using a DDS.
_____ R3 - ???Ω - qty 0 - labeled as ??? install and solder.
R3 should be scaled so the DDS signal at pin-6 of U1 is 700mV P-P
_____ R4 - 2KΩ - qty 1 - labeled as 202
_____ R6,8 - 2M55Ω - qty 1 - labeled as 2554
_____ R7 - 1MΩ - qty 1 - labeled as 1004
_____ R9 - 100KΩ - qty 1 - labeled as 104
_____ R10 - 4R7Ω - qty 1 - labeled as 4R7
7. Install all SMD diodes.
Note the Cathode Line marking for diode D2
_____ D2 - 1N4148 - qty 1 - labeled as T4
_____ D3 - BAT54S (dual diode) - qty 1 - labeled as L44
8. Install the voltage regulator and remaining SMD transistors.
_____ U3 L78L08 1 labeled as ??
_____ Q1 2N3904 1 labeled as 1AM
_____ Q2,3 J113 2 labeled as 6S
9. Install all remaining SMD parts.
_____ C23 33uF 1 labeled as 336
_____ C25 220uF 1 labeled as 227
9. Install Trimmer Caps.
_____ C6 50pF 1 brown trimmer caps (only install with tuned input config)
_____ C12 50pF 1 brown trimmer caps (only install with VCXO config)
10. Install L1 toroid
If using a DDS, L1 is part of a PI filter - your design
If not DDS, L1 inductance sets the range of X1 frequency
_____ L1 - T37-2 25 turns or more when X1 is greater than 6 MHz
_____ L1 - FT37-61 12 turns or more when X1 is less than 6 MHz
11. Install Transformer T1 (Balun or Toroid)
_____ T1 Ferrite Balun BN-43-2402 - for use with CRYSTAL FILTER front end
Cut 10" of #34 red wire and 4" of #30 red wire.
Wind 8 turns of #34 red wire on an BN-43-2402 black ferrite binocular.
Trim the red wires of T1 to one inch each.
Wind 2 turns of #30 red wire on the BN-43-2402 black ferrite binocular.
Trim the #30 wires of T1 to one half inch each.
Strip & Tin the insulation on all 4 wires to the base of the binocular.
The #34 wire leads for the 8 Turn winding go to the two pads toward the bottom of the PCB connect to C4
The #30 wire leads go to the two pads in the middle which connect to GND and J1
Install T1 into the PCB, pull the leads tight using needle nose pliers, solder and trim.
_____ T1 Powdered Iron Toroid or Ferrite Toroid for TUNED front end
Remove a FT37-61, T37-2 or T37-6 toroid from the Bag
Create a transformer with a 1:7 or 1:8 turns ratio (your design)
Install T1 onto the PCB
12. Install the 3-Pin headers onto the PCB
13. Install all external controls to the PCB
Production Parts List:
Part-ID Value Quantity C1,21 10uF 2 not labeled C2,3,13,15,16,20,22,26 100n 8 not labeled C4 100p frequency specific part, see text C5,7 150p 2 not labeled C6,12 50pF 2 brown trimmers C8 Oscillator Function Specific, see text C9,10,14,17 33n 4 not labeled C11 Oscillator Function Specific, see text C18 120p 1 not labeled C19,24 2u2 2 not labeled C23 33uF 1 labeled as 336 C25 220uF 1 labeled as 227 R1 21K 1 labeled as 2102 R2,5,11 4K7 3 labeled as 472 R3 DDS Function Specific, see text R4 2K 1 labeled as 202 R6,8 2M55 2 labeled as 2554 R7 1M 1 labeled as 1004 R9 100K 1 labeled as 104 R10 4R7 1 labeled as 4R7 D1 1SV324 1 Varactor not labeled (in small parts bag) D2 1N4148 1 labeled as T4 D3 BAT54S 1 (dual diode) labeled as L44 D4 1N5817 1 (Thru-Hole Part) Q1 2N3904 1 labeled as 1AM Q2,3 J113 2 labeled as 6S U1 NE612AD 1 labeled as N612A U2 LM386 1 labeled as LM386-M-1 U3 L78L08 1 labeled as ?? J2 Panel Mount 100KΩ Tune Control J7 Panel Mount 100KΩ Main Volume Control J1 input BNC Connector J8 Output 3.5 mm Speaker Stereo Connector Nine (9) 3-Pin male headers SW1 Panel Mount SPTT On/Off/On Three (3) 3-Pin female housings Ten (10) female sockets for the above housings Two (2) 3-Pin female-to-femaile connection cables (suit your needs, cut into four pieces?)